The rules established by the United States federal government for determining who can enter the country and for how long they can remain are known as immigration law. Congress has the exclusive authority to legislate in the field of immigration, according to the United States Constitution. The immigration laws of the United States are focused on the following principles: family reunification, encouraging immigrants with valuable skills to contribute to the economy of the United States, protecting refugees, and promoting diversity.
Immigration regulations are administered and enforced by three federal agencies. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) investigates and prosecutes those who violate the law. US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) oversees legal immigration applications. Border security is the responsibility of Customs and Border Protection (CBP). A person who wishes to immigrate to the United States must complete a set of detailed applications with the federal government. However, immigration law is constantly changing, making it difficult, if not impossible, for anyone to stay up to date.
The Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) is the main source of naturalization and citizenship legislation in the United States. Immigrants may become citizens of the United States in a variety of ways.
- An immigrant who was born in the United States of America or one of its domains.
- An immigrant with American parents who was born in the United States.
- By becoming a naturalized citizen which usually entails a period of residency and the passing of a citizenship test.
- an immigrant who Being a minor with one or more naturalized citizens with one or both parents.
The immigration is considered as a special practice field that is not suitable for general practitioners among attorneys. It is not advisable to reflect oneself. Most people who apply for US immigration agencies will be able to obtain a green with the help of an experienced attorney and ultimately become citizens of the United States. In the United States, family-based immigration is the only secure way to obtain citizenship, but legislation also allows employees and investors to obtain citizenship. Another way to obtain citizenship is for one of the family members to file a petition and initiate the process.
Most immigrants are trying to get away from precarious conditions. According to a study by the Congressional Research Service, most unaccompanied minors have been victims of gang abuse and torture. However, immigration judges recently established a rule stating that people fleeing attacks based on their gender or sexual orientation should be eligible for asylum. Inadequate infrastructure is to blame for the current border backlog. For most of them, seeking asylum is the only legal way into the United States under existing immigration law, which dates to 1954 and was last revised in 1996. Perhaps more than before, the United States became recognized as a place where people could find both freedom from oppression and material prosperity.